Int J Rehabil Res. 2021 Jul 15. doi: 10.1097/MRR.0000000000000490. Online ahead of print.
Although sepsis is known to cause functional decline, the prevalence and predictors of hospital-acquired functional decline (HAFD) in patients with sepsis are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of HAFD in patients with sepsis admitted to the ICU. This study is a single-center retrospective observational study from January 2014 to December 2019. We included all consecutive patients with sepsis who received rehabilitation in our ICU. The primary outcome was HAFD, which was defined as a decrease in at least five points of the Barthel index mobility score from prehospital to hospital discharge. We described the prevalence of HAFD and investigated the predictors of HAFD using the multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders. Among 134 patients, 57 patients (42.5%) had HAFD. The longer time to initial ambulation and lower prehospital walking ability were associated with HAFD (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.10 and adjusted OR 0.79; 95% CI, 0.66-0.95, respectively). In conclusion, nearly half of the patients with sepsis who received rehabilitation developed HAFD. Lower functional status prior to hospitalization and the longer time to initial ambulation was associated with HAFD, indicating the potential importance of early ambulation among septic patients in the ICU.