Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jul 3:S1542-3565(21)00717-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2021.07.006. Online ahead of print.
DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this expert review is to summarize approaches to management of pain in disorders of gut-brain interaction. This review focuses specifically on approaches to pain that persists if first-line therapies aimed at addressing visceral causes of pain are unsuccessful. The roles of a therapeutic patient-provider relationship; non-pharmacological and pharmacological therapies; and avoidance of opioids are discussed.
METHODS: This is not a formal systematic review but is based upon a review of the literature to provide best practice advice statements. No formal rating of the quality of evidence or strength of recommendation is carried out.
PMID:34229040 | DOI:10.1016/j.cgh.2021.07.006