Autoimmune Hepatitis: Treatment Options and Management Review

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2021 Jun 16;13(6):e15682. doi: 10.7759/cureus.15682.

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an inflammatory pathology of the liver which leads to liver cirrhosis and death if left untreated and affects a large population across the world with no ethnic discrimination. AIH can be asymptomatic or with non-typical clinical presentation. The diagnosis and categorization of AIH are based on the presence of autoantibodies, specific biochemical indices, and histopathological features. The categorization of AIH further supports therapeutic management decisions. Associated comorbidities are another worrisome in treatment decisions and better outcomes. Liver transplantation is the ultimate choice in case of zero or minimal therapeutic response or severe liver damage. Liver transplantation also has its associated risks and rejection concerns. The international guidelines are designed to provide a complete management outline of AIH for better patient management. There is a disparity seen in these guidelines, especially in terms of dose recommendation. This review designed to lay out an overview of the new guidelines on the diagnosis and management of AIH.

PMID:34150417 | PMC:PMC8207545 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.15682

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