Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Underweight Hospitalized Patients

Link to article at PubMed

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2021 Jan-Dec;27:10760296211018752. doi: 10.1177/10760296211018752.

ABSTRACT

There is limited evidence about optimal anticoagulant dosing for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in underweight patients. The purpose of this study was to characterize dosing strategies used in underweight patients and compare the incidence of bleeding and VTE to patients receiving a standard dose. This multi-center retrospective study evaluated medicine patients who weighed 45 kilograms or less and received VTE prophylaxis with unfractionated heparin or enoxaparin. We categorized subjects into groups as either standard or reduced dose and compared the incidence of bleeding and VTE between groups. Of the 300 patients included in the outcome analysis, 40.7% received a reduced dose regimen, most often enoxaparin 30 mg daily. Standard dose was associated with major bleeding compared with reduced dose, when adjusted for age, gender and admission hemoglobin (odds ratio 4.73, 95% confidence interval 1.05 to 21.34). Incidence of clinically relevant non-major bleeding (2.4% vs. 1.1%) and VTE (0.6% vs. 0%) were similar between groups. Anticoagulant dose reduction for VTE prophylaxis in underweight hospitalized medicine patients is common practice and associated with less major bleeding.

PMID:34080451 | DOI:10.1177/10760296211018752

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