Heart Fail Clin. 2021 Jul;17(3):483-498. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2021.02.009.
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) accounts for more than one-half of patients with heart failure. Effective treatment of HFpEF has not been established, largely because of the complexities and heterogeneity in the phenotypes of HFpEF. Categorizing patients based on clinical and pathophysiologic phenotype may provide more targeted and efficacious therapies. Despite this clinical need, there is no consensus on how to categorize patients with HFpEF into phenogroups. Possible metrics include the presence or absence of specific comorbidities that influence pathophysiology, imaging, hemodynamics, or other biomarkers. This article describes currently recognized phenotypes of HFpEF and potential treatment strategies.