J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 Jun 1;77(21):2667-2676. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.330.
BACKGROUND: Administration of iodinated contrast medium (CM) during invasive cardiovascular procedures may be associated with impairment of kidney function.
OBJECTIVES: Urinary dickkopf-3 (DKK3), a stress-induced renal tubular epithelium-derived glycoprotein, has been identified as a biomarker predicting both acute kidney injury (AKI) and persistent kidney dysfunction.
METHODS: Urinary DKK3/creatinine ratio (uDKK3/uCr), urine and serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL, sNGAL) and serum cystatin C (sCyC) were assessed in 458 patients with chronic kidney disease scheduled for invasive cardiovascular procedures requiring CM administration with universal adoption of nephroprotective interventions. Contrast-associated AKI (CA-AKI) was defined as serum creatinine increase ≥0.3 mg/dl at 48 h after CM administration. Persistent kidney dysfunction was defined as persistent estimated glomerular filtration rate reduction ≥25% at 1 month compared with baseline.
RESULTS: CA-AKI occurred in 64 or the 458 patients (14%), and baseline uDKK3/uCr ≥491 pg/mg was the best threshold for its prediction. Net reclassification improvement (NRI) was significantly increased by adding baseline uDKK3/uCr to the Mehran, Gurm, and National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) scores (all p < 0.05), and the same applied to integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) when adding uDKK3/uCr to the Gurm and NCDR scores (p < 0.001). Persistent kidney dysfunction occurred in 57 of the 458 patients (12%) and baseline uDKK3/uCr ≥322 pg/mg appeared as the best threshold for its prediction. Adding baseline uDKK3/uCr to the Mehran, Gurm, and NCDR scores significantly increased IDI and NRI (all p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Baseline uDKK3/uCr seems to be a reliable marker for improving the identification of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing invasive coronary and peripheral procedures at risk for AKI and persistent kidney dysfunction.
PMID:34045024 | DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.330