J Infus Nurs. 2021 May-Jun 01;44(3):163-175. doi: 10.1097/NAN.0000000000000426.
Hospitalized adult patients often require more than 1 short peripheral catheter (SPC) to complete the prescribed intravenous (IV) therapy attributed to catheter failure and the practice of routinely replacing SPCs. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to increase the number of SPCs that dwell for the complete duration of the IV therapy in hospitalized adult patients using a bundled approach. Implementation of an engineered securement device (ESD), education pertaining to modifiable risk factors, and changing the practice to removal on clinical indication were methods used to reduce the number of SPC insertions and catheter failures. This study was conducted at a rural Midwestern hospital using a convenience sample (N = 405) and an observational, descriptive cohort design in 6 phases between September 2019 and March 2020. After the practice changes, there was a reduction of SPC replacement (24%), catheter failures (24% to 13%), SPCs per patient (M = 2.9-2.2; P = .045), SPC insertions (4000 per year), and catheter-related bloodstream infections (0.26 per 1000 catheter days to 0.0), as well as a significant increase of SPCs remaining in situ (M = 2.6-3.8 days; P < .001), resulting in an estimated cost savings of at least $285,000. The results demonstrated that the risk of failure significantly increased when SPCs were inserted in the wrist (P = .007) and upper arm (P = .026) and significantly reduced when inserted in the forearm (P = .39). Study findings suggest that using an ESD, promoting SPC insertion in the forearm, avoiding the wrist and upper arm, and changing practice to removal when clinically indicated reduced the number of SPC insertions and rate of catheter failures.