Acute Kidney Injury in COVID-19: a Brief Review

Link to article at PubMed

Indian J Surg. 2021 Apr 23:1-5. doi: 10.1007/s12262-020-02697-8. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The contemporary evolution of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak from the Wuhan, China, with a high rate of transmission will act the global medical emergency with immense morbidity and mortality rate across the world. The cell entry of COVID-19 via angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor (ACE-2 receptor) will damage the respiratory system by the cytopathic effect induced by replication of the virus genome in the host and respond respiratory failure with an elevation of cytokine factor-like interleukin (IL) IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), etc. However, the lung-kidney cross talk will evidence the activation of molecular mechanisms from pro-inflammatory cytokines and concerned with kidney damage, though the elevated rate of ACE-2 receptor in the kidney will enhance the possibility of mortality with consideration of acute kidney injury. This review provides relevant information which suggests the rate of mortality in COVID-19 patient associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) which lacks critical monitoring of kidney function with a clinical consideration of intervention to avoid kidney damage in the initial stage of the disease.

PMID:33935396 | PMC:PMC8064702 | DOI:10.1007/s12262-020-02697-8

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