Curr Opin Crit Care. 2021 Apr 14. doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000826. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current goals of resuscitation in septic shock are mainly a fixed volume of fluids and vasopressors to correct hypotension and improve tissue perfusion indicated by decreasing lactate levels.
RECENT FINDINGS: Abnormal peripheral perfusion by objective and subjective parameters are associated with increased mortality in various phases of the treatment of critically ill patients including patients with septic shock. Ongoing resuscitation in septic shock patients with normal peripheral perfusion is not associated with improved outcome, rather with increased mortality. Mitigation of fluid resuscitation by using parameters of peripheral perfusion in septic shock seems to be safe.
SUMMARY: Septic shock patients with normal peripheral perfusion represent a different clinical phenotype of patients that might benefit from limited resuscitation efforts. Parameters of peripheral perfusion could be used to guide the individualization of patients with septic shock.