J Pharm Pract. 2021 Mar 24:8971900211003439. doi: 10.1177/08971900211003439. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: New guidance recommends area under the curve/minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC/MIC) instead of trough-based monitoring for vancomycin therapy. While this transition has demonstrated improved safety and efficacy in large, tertiary centers, this has not been assessed in the primary hospital setting.
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AUC/MIC monitoring in inpatient veterans treated with intravenous vancomycin for ≥72 hours compared to a historical cohort of trough-based monitoring.
METHODS: This was a retrospective, quasi-experimental study over 2 five-month study periods. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing clinical failure rates as defined by a persistent fever, clinical deterioration, or escalation of gram-positive therapy. Safety was determined by the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) defined by an acute increase in serum creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dL over 48 hours.
RESULTS: 25 patients met the criteria in the before group and 19 in the after group. Efficacy was equivalent between groups; no patients exhibited clinical failure of vancomycin therapy. In the before group, 2 patients (8%) met defined criteria for AKI, while none in the after group experienced AKI (P = 0.21). Total vancomycin exposure was similar between groups (P = 0.56).
CONCLUSION: AUC-based monitoring was equally efficacious as trough-based monitoring with similarly low rates of AKI.