Am J Cardiol. 2021 Apr 1;144 Suppl 1:S40-S47. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.12.019.
Much has been written about the demise of aspirin (ASA) but reports of its death are premature. The drug remains one of the most widely prescribed by physicians worldwide. It is cheap, familiar, and effective for a variety of uses, including in patients with acute or prior myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, peripheral artery disease, and percutaneous or surgical revascularization procedures, as well as for use for pain and fever relief. Beyond physician prescription or recommendation, over the counter use of ASA is common, including for primary cardiovascular prevention, though this decision really should involve a discussion of risks and benefits with a physician. ASA is an essential member of the duo that makes up dual antiplatelet therapy (a P2Y12 inhibitor plus ASA) and also dual pathway inhibition (vascular dose rivaroxaban plus ASA), and data for both approaches are growing. Furthermore, research is ongoing as to the optimal dosing frequency (once vs twice daily), potentially safer gastrointestinal delivery, and possibly more effective formulations in terms of platelet inhibition. One goal of ASA research is to try to reduce bleeding complications that are a risk with all anti-thrombotic therapies. Although its exact roles will continue to evolve, the future for ASA remains bright.