Drugs. 2021 Feb;81(3):389-395. doi: 10.1007/s40265-021-01473-6.
Inclisiran (Leqvio®; Novartis) is a first-in-class, cholesterol-lowering small interfering RNA (siRNA) conjugated to triantennary N-acetylgalactosamine carbohydrates (GalNAc). Inclisiran received its first approval in December 2020 in the EU for use in adults with primary hypercholesterolaemia (heterozygous familial and non-familial) or mixed dyslipidaemia, as an adjunct to diet. It is intended for use in combination with a statin or a statin with other lipid-lowering therapies in patients unable to reach low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goals with the maximum tolerated statin dose. In patients who are statin-intolerant or for whom a statin is contraindicated, inclisiran can be used alone or in combination with other lipid-lowering therapies. Inclisiran is administered as a twice-yearly subcutaneous injection. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of inclisiran leading to this first approval for primary hypercholesterolaemia or mixed dyslipidaemia.