Blood Coagulation Changes With or Without Direct Oral Anticoagulant Therapy Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2021 Feb 20:S0002-9149(21)00159-4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.01.042. Online ahead of print.


Thromboembolic events remain clinically unresolved after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The use of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) to reduce thrombosis associated with TAVI remains controversial. This study aimed at investigating the periprocedural change in blood coagulation and thrombolysis parameters in 199 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI. Prothrombin activation fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), soluble fibrin monomer complex (SFMC), and fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) levels were measured before and 1 hour after TAVI and 1, 2, and 7 days postoperatively. Of the 199 patients, 49 were treated with DOAC (apixaban in 32, edoxaban in 10, and rivaroxaban in 7). The F1 + 2 and TAT levels immediately increased 1 hour after TAVI and then gradually decreased in both groups. The SFMC level also significantly increased with a peak on day 1. The FDP level gradually increased, peaking on day 2. The values of F1 + 2, TAT, SFMC, and FDP in patients who used DOAC were significantly lower than those who did not use DOAC at 1 hour after TAVI in F1 + 2 (600 [452 to 765] vs 1055 [812 to 1340] pmol/L; p < 0.001), TAT (21.4 [16.2 to 37.0] vs 38.7 [26.4 to 58.7] μg/mL; p < 0.001) and on day 1 in SFMC (18.2 [9.4 to 57.9] vs 113.4 [70.9 to 157.3] μg/mL; p < 0.001) and day 2 in FDP (6.0 [4.7 to 10.0] vs 12.6 [8.2 to 17.4] μg/mL; p < 0.001). Ischemic stroke within 30 days after TAVI occurred in 3 patients (1.5%), who were not treated with DOAC. Coagulation cascade activation was observed after TAVI. DOAC could reduce transient hypercoagulation following TAVI.

PMID:33617810 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.01.042

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