Pulmonary angioplasty: A step further in the continuously changing landscape of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension management

Link to article at PubMed

Eur J Radiol. 2021 Jan 26;136:109562. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109562. Online ahead of print.


Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a potentially fatal and frequently undiagnosed form of pulmonary hypertension (PH), classified within group 4 by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is a type of precapillary PH, which uncommonly develops as a peculiar sequel of acute pulmonary embolism due to the partial resolution of the mechanically obstructing thrombus with a coexisting inflammatory response from pulmonary vessels. CTEPH is one of the potentially treatable forms of PH whose current standard of care is surgical pulmonary endarterectomy. Medical therapy with few drugs in non-operable disease is approved and has shown improvement in patients' hemodynamic condition and functional ability. Recently, balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has shown promising results as a treatment option for technically inoperable patients, those with unacceptable risk-to-benefit ratio and in a case of residual PH after endarterectomy. Lack of meticulous CTEPH screening programs in post-pulmonary embolism patients leading to underdiagnosis of this condition, complex operability assessment, and diversity in BPA techniques among different institutions are still the issues that need to be addressed. In this paper, we review the recent achievements in the management of non-operable CTEPH, their outcome and safety, based on available data.

PMID:33524919 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2021.109562

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