Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Link to article at PubMed

Diabetes Care. 2020 Dec 23:dc202219. doi: 10.2337/dc20-2219. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: Real-time continuous glucose monitoring (rtCGM) in critically ill hospitalized patients holds promise; however, real-world data are needed.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We placed Dexcom G6 CGM on intensive care unit (ICU) patients at Montefiore Medical Center with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection and glycemic variability. We analyzed inpatient CGM accuracy using point-of-care (POC) glucose-CGM matched pairs and included patients for analysis regardless of clinical status.

RESULTS: We included 11 patients with CGM: 8 on continuous insulin infusion (CII), 8 on vasopressors, 8 intubated, 4 on high-dose glucocorticoids, 6 on renal replacement therapy, and 2 with anasarca. Accuracy was 12.58% for mean and 6.3% for median absolute relative difference. CGM reduced POC testing by ∼60% for patients on CII.

CONCLUSIONS: In this real-world preliminary analysis of rtCGM during critical illness, we demonstrate early feasibility, considerable accuracy, and meaningful reduction in the frequency of POC glucose testing.

PMID:33361145 | DOI:10.2337/dc20-2219

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