Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: JACC Focus Seminar

Link to article at PubMed

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020 Nov 3;76(18):2155-2169. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.08.074.


Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is the result of pulmonary arterial obstruction by organized thrombotic material stemming from incompletely resolved acute pulmonary embolism. The exact incidence of CTEPH is unknown but appears to approximate 2.3% among survivors of acute pulmonary embolism. Although ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy has been supplanted by computed tomographic pulmonary angiography in the diagnostic approach to acute pulmonary embolism, it has a major role in the evaluation of patients with suspected CTEPH, the presence of mismatched segmental defects being consistent with the diagnosis. Diagnostic confirmation of CTEPH is provided by digital subtraction pulmonary angiography, preferably performed at a center familiar with the procedure and its interpretation. Operability assessment is then undertaken to determine if the patient is a candidate for potentially curative pulmonary endarterectomy surgery. When pulmonary endarterectomy is not an option, pulmonary arterial hypertension-targeted pharmacotherapy and balloon pulmonary angioplasty represent potential therapeutic alternatives.

PMID:33121723 | DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2020.08.074

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