Blood Eosinophil Count and Hospital Readmission in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2020 Oct 23;15:2629-2641. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S251115. eCollection 2020.


PURPOSE: This retrospective, observational cohort study investigated the association of blood eosinophil counts within 1 week of hospitalization for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) with subsequent risk of all-cause and COPD-related readmission from a large integrated health system.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic medical records were extracted for index hospitalization for AECOPD at all Intermountain Healthcare hospitals. The primary outcome was the relationship of blood eosinophil count to 30-day all-cause readmission; secondary outcomes were 60-day, 90-day, and 12-month all-cause readmission, COPD-related readmission, and empiric derivation of the eosinophil count with the highest area under the curve (AUC) for predicting 30-day all-cause readmission.

RESULTS: Of 2445 included patients, 1935 (79%) had a blood eosinophil count <300 cells/µL and 510 (21%) had a count ≥300 cells/µL. Using a 300-cells/μL threshold, there was no significant difference between high and low eosinophil groups in 30-day (odds ratio [OR]=1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.75-1.47) or 60-day (OR=1.15, 95% CI=0.88-1.51) all-cause readmissions. However, patients with greater (versus lesser) eosinophil counts had increased 90-day and 12-month all-cause readmissions (OR=1.35, 95% CI=1.06-1.72, and OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.07-1.62). COPD-related readmission rates were significantly greater for patients with greater (versus lesser) eosinophil counts at 30, 60, and 90 days and 12 months (OR range=1.52-1.97). A total of 70 cells/µL had the most discriminatory power to predict 30-day all-cause readmission (highest AUC).

CONCLUSION: Eosinophil counts in patients with COPD were not associated with a difference in 30-day all-cause readmissions. However, greater eosinophil counts were associated with increased risk of all-cause readmission at 90 days and 12 months and COPD-related readmission at 30, 60, and 90 days and 12 months. Patients with eosinophils <70 cells/μL had the lowest risk for 30-day all-cause readmission. Blood eosinophils in patients hospitalized with AECOPD may be a useful biomarker for the risk of hospital readmission.

PMID:33122901 | PMC:PMC7591040 | DOI:10.2147/COPD.S251115

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