Euthyroid Sick Syndrome in Patients With COVID-19

Link to article at PubMed

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2020 Oct 7;11:566439. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2020.566439. eCollection 2020.


BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been shown to affect almost every organ throughout the body. However, it is not clear whether the thyroid gland is impaired in COVID-19 patients. Euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) is usually associated with the disease severity and deterioration prognosis in critical illness. In this study, the thyroid function of COVID-19 patients was assessed and factors associated with outcomes were analyzed to determine the potential predictive value of ESS.

METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data of COVID-19 patients with or without ESS in Changsha, China, were collected and analyzed on admission. Kaplan-Meier curve and cox regression model were utilized to determine the correlation between ESS and the endpoints. Subsequently, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the predictive performances of FT3 and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the disease severity.

RESULTS: Forty-one (27.52%) cases of COVID-19 patients diagnosed with ESS. ESS patients had higher proportions of fever, shortness of breath, hypertension, diabetes, and severe events than those of non-ESS patients. The levels of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein, and the positive rate of procalcitonin were significantly higher, whereas the lymphocyte count was apparently lower in ESS patients than in non-ESS patients. The regression analysis showed that ESS was significantly associated with the disease severity of COVID-19 (HR = 2.515, 95% CI: 1.050-6.026, P = 0.039). The areas under the curve (AUCs) for predicting the severe disease were [0.809 (95% CI 0.727-0.892), P < 0.001] and [0.792 (95% CI 0.689-0.895), P < 0.001] for FT3 and CRP, respectively.

CONCLUSION: ESS was significantly associated with the disease severity and inflammatory parameters in COVID-19 patients.

PMID:33117282 | PMC:PMC7575767 | DOI:10.3389/fendo.2020.566439

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