Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2020 Jan-Dec;26:1076029620944492. doi: 10.1177/1076029620944492.
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a serious complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Early identification of high-risk patients has an essential role in preventing CI-AKI. This study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of d-dimer, a marker of thrombosis and hypercoagulable state, for CI-AKI and prognosis in patients with STEMI. We included 400 patients with STEMI who underwent PCI. The patients were subdivided into 4 groups according to d-dimer level using the 4-quantile method. Contrast-induced acute kidney injury occurred in 66 (16.5%) patients. The incidence of CI-AKI in the highest quartile of the d-dimer groups (29.0%) was higher than that in the other 3 groups. Multivariable logistic regression showed that a low d-dimer level was significantly associated with a decreased risk of CI-AKI independent of confounding factors, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.487 (95% CI: 0.178-0.931, P = 0.041) for those in the first quartile compared with those in the highest quartile. Age (OR: 1.047, 95% CI: 1.003-1.092), diabetes mellitus (OR: 5.896, 95% CI: 2.496-13.927), anemia (OR: 3.488, 95% CI: 1.308-9.306), and total bilirubin (OR: 0.946, 95% CI: 0.904-0.992) were independent predictors of CI-AKI. The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events and all-cause mortality within 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year after PCI in the highest quartile of the d-dimer groups were higher than those in the other 3 groups. In conclusion, increasing d-dimer levels were independently associated with the incidence of CI-AKI and adverse outcomes in patients with STEMI after PCI.