J Cardiol. 2021 Apr;77(4):370-374. doi: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2020.08.013. Epub 2020 Sep 25.
BACKGROUND: Chest-pain patients with no evidence of acute coronary syndrome might still be at risk for adverse outcomes. Adding renal function to the classic scoring of CHADS and CHA2DS2 VASC may improve risk stratification of chest-pain patients discharged from internal medicine wards after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) rule-out.
METHODS: We accessed medical records of patients admitted to internal medicine wards during 2010-2016 and discharged following ACS rule-out. A R2CHA2DS2-VASc score model that included higher scores as kidney function deteriorated was calculated and compared to CHADS and CHA2DS2 VASC scores. The primary endpoint was the composite of 30-day ACS and mortality. One-year ACS and 1-year mortality were the secondary endpoints. The study included 12,449 patients, stratified into three risk groups according to their R2CHA2DS2-VASc score.
RESULTS: Participants were stratified into 3 groups according to R2CHA2DS2-VASc score. R2CHA2DS2-VASc score predicted better the composite outcome of ACS and 30-day and 1-year mortality after discharge (OR: 4, 95%, CI 2.3-7, p < 0.01 and OR: 13.3, 95% CI 7.8-22.7, p < 0.01, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed better risk stratification of the R2CHA2DS2-VASc compared with both CHADS and CHA2DS2 VASC score.
CONCLUSIONS: The R2CHA2DS2-VASc score is a better predictor of short- and long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality after hospital discharge.