Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2020 Dec;21(17):2101-2114. doi: 10.1080/14656566.2020.1803280. Epub 2020 Sep 29.
INTRODUCTION: Saxagliptin, a member of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) class of drugs, was approved by the FDA for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in 2009, and has been in clinical use for more than a decade. Since the drug was first launched, much real-world evidence has also been accumulated. The efficacy and safety of saxagliptin, especially its cardiovascular safety, are of particular interest.
AREAS COVERED: This review provides an overview of the safety and efficacy of saxagliptin based on observational studies, pharmacovigilance, and meta-analyses. In addition, with the findings of recent cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs), the authors discuss, herein, the efficacious use of saxagliptin.
EXPERT OPINION: Saxagliptin exhibits a moderate glucose-lowering effect and is well tolerated by patients with T2D. SAVOR-TIMI 53, a CVOT of saxagliptin, reported neutral effects of saxagliptin in respect of the cardiovascular outcomes, but did raise a concern about the risk of heart failure. Conversely, recent CVOTs on sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have shown a favorably reduced risk of heart failure with these drugs. Also, DPP-4is decrease the serum glucagon level, whereas the SGLT2is increase it. Given the characteristics of the two classes of drugs, combined therapy with the two might be a promising option.