Risk factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction during the COVID-19 outbreak

Link to article at PubMed

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2020 Jul 31:S1885-5857(20)30354-6. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2020.07.009. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in treatment, patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) still exhibit unfavorable short- and long-term prognoses. In addition, there is scant evidence about the clinical outcomes of patients with AMI and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The objective of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, complications, and risk factors for mortality in patients admitted for AMI during the COVID-19 pandemic.

METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, cohort study included all consecutive patients with AMI who underwent coronary angiography in a 30-day period corresponding chronologically with the COVID-19 outbreak (March 15 to April 15, 2020). Clinical presentations and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. The effect of COVID-19 on mortality was assessed by propensity score matching and with a multivariate logistic regression model.

RESULTS: In total, 187 patients were admitted for AMI, 111 with ST-segment elevation AMI and 76 with non-ST-segment elevation AMI. Of these, 32 (17%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. GRACE score, Killip-Kimball classification, and several inflammatory markers were significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients. Total and cardiovascular mortality were also significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients (25% vs 3.8% [P <.001] and 15.2% vs 1.8% [P=.001], respectively). GRACE score> 140 (OR, 23.45; 95%CI, 2.52-62.51; P=.005) and COVID-19 (OR, 6.61; 95%CI, 1.82-24.43; P=.02) were independent predictors of in-hospital death.

CONCLUSIONS: During this pandemic, a high GRACE score and COVID-19 were independent risk factors associated with higher in-hospital mortality.

PMID:32839121 | DOI:10.1016/j.rec.2020.07.009

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