J Ultrasound Med. 2020 Jul 23. doi: 10.1002/jum.15404. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Worsening of renal function in a patient with acute decompensated heart failure is called cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) type 1. Recent studies have shown an association of persistent systemic venous congestion with renal dysfunction. This trial was set up to investigate the changes of renal Doppler parameters with diuretic therapy in patients with CRS type 1.
METHODS: Cases of CRS type 1 were identified among patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure. Serial measurements of the renal venous impedance index (VII) and arterial resistive index (ARI) were calculated by pulsed wave Doppler sonography.
RESULTS: A total of 30 patients who had creatinine improvement with diuresis (group 1) and 34 patients without any improvement (group 2) were analyzed. Patients in group 1 had higher median VII and ARI (VII, 0.86 versus 0.66; P < .001; ARI, 0.78 versus 0.65; P < .001) on admission. A high ARI on admission (odds ratio, 6.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.84-14.3; P = .003) predicted the improvement of serum creatinine levels with diuretic therapy independent of confounding factors in patients with CRS type 1.
CONCLUSIONS: Renal vascular Doppler parameters might offer guidance on the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in prescribing decongestive therapy for decompensated heart failure.