Non-vitamin K vs vitamin K oral anticoagulants in patients aged > 80 year with atrial fibrillation and low body weight

Link to article at PubMed

Eur J Clin Invest. 2020 Jul 22:e13335. doi: 10.1111/eci.13335. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Octogenarian patients are at high risk of both ischaemic and bleeding events, and the low body weight is considered a risk factor for major bleeding in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients on anticoagulation therapy. The aim of our study was to compare the safety and effectiveness of NOACs versus well-controlled VKA therapy among patients aged > 80 year with AF and low body weight in real-life setting.

METHODS: Data for this study were sourced from the multicenter prospectively maintained Atrial Fibrillation Research Database (NCT03760874). From this, we selected AF patients aged ≥ 80 years and weighted ≤ 60 kg who received NOACs or VKAs treatment (only those with a time in therapeutic range > 70%). 279 patients (136 in NOAC group and 143 in VKA group) were selected.

RESULTS: A total of 71 patients (17 in NOAC vs 54 in VKA group) died during the follow-up. The incidence rate of all-cause mortality was 27.70 per 100 person-years (14.91 in NOAC vs 37.94 in VKA group, adjusted hazard ratio 0.43; 95% CI 0.25 to 0.975; P = .003). 22 patients (9 in NOAC vs 13 in VKA group, P = .6) had major bleeding events. Diabetes mellitus, COPD and age resulted positively associated with death, whereas NOACs, parossistic AF and weight negatively associated with mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: Our real-world data might suggest the safe and efficacy use of NOACs in this setting of population, justified by a reduction in overall mortality over VKAs. Further studies are needed to confirm these data.

PMID:32696449 | DOI:10.1111/eci.13335

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