Serum copeptin and copeptin/NT-proBNP ratio – new tools to differentiate takotsubo syndrome from acute myocardial infarction

Link to article at PubMed

Budnik M, et al. Folia Med Cracov 2020.


BACKGROUND: Today no established biomarkers are available for the early diagnosis of takotsubo syndrome and its differentiation from ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that copeptin and copeptin/NT-proBNP ratio may serve a routine marker combination for non-invasive differentiation.

METHODS: The study compared the serum concentrations of copeptin, troponin I (TnI) and NT-proBNP in 19 consecutive women diagnosed with takotsubo syndrome according to the Mayo Clinic criteria and 10 consecutive women diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

RESULTS: Copeptin concentrations were significantly lower in patients with takotsubo syndrome than in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The diagnostic accuracy to distinguish takotsubo syndrome from ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is highest for copeptin/NTproBNP ratio, copeptin/TnI at admission ratio and copeptin alone (AUC 0.8713, 0.8538, 0.8480, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The serum copeptin to NTproBNP ratio could be an additional tool in the non-invasive differentiation between takotsubo syndrome and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, further researches are needed.


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