Early tracheostomy in acute heart failure exacerbation.
Heart Lung. 2020 May 23;:
Authors: Kwak MJ, Lal LS, Swint JM, Du XL, Chan W, Akkanti B, Dhoble A
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for tracheostomy among patients with acute heart failure (AHF) exacerbation has been controversial, despite multiple studies assessing the utility of early tracheostomy. Our objective was to assess the trend of utilization and outcomes of early tracheostomy among patients with AHF exacerbation in the United States.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort study using the National Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2014 was conducted. Among those who were admitted with AHF exacerbation (n = 1,390,356), 0.26% of patients underwent tracheostomy (n = 2,571), and among them, 19.4% received early tracheostomy (n = 496). There was no significant shift in the percentage of early tracheostomy from 2008 to 2014. We used propensity score matching to compare the clinical and economic outcomes between the early tracheostomy group and late tracheostomy group. In-hospital mortality did not show any difference between the two groups (13.97% in early group vs. 18.04% in late group; p =0.163). The median total hospital cost ($53,466), total hospital length of stay (19 days), and length of stay after intubation (16 days) in the early tracheostomy group were significantly lower than in the late tracheostomy group ($73,680; 26 days; 23 days, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Early tracheostomy showed economic benefit with lower hospital costs and shorter length of stay, without a difference in in-hospital mortality compared to late tracheostomy.
PMID: 32457003 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]