Impact of concomitant deep or superficial venous thrombosis of the legs on survival of patients with pulmonary embolism.
Int J Cardiol. 2020 May 20;:
Authors: Keller K, Hobohm L, Münzel T, Ostad MA
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequent cause of death and morbidity. A few studies suggest that clot burden in pulmonary artery bed is related to PE patients' survival, but the impact of concomitant deep venous thrombosis and/or thrombophlebitis (DVT) on short-term survival of PE patients remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to investigate the impact of DVT on adverse outcomes in PE patients.
METHODS: Patients of the nationwide inpatient sample with PE (ICD-code I26) were stratified for DVT (ICD-code I80) and compared for patient characteristics, risk stratification markers, treatments and outcomes. Impact of concomitant DVT on adverse in-hospital outcomes was tested.
RESULTS: Overall, 346,586 PE patients (53.3%females) were included in this analysis. Among these, in 126,477 (36.5%) DVT was coded. PE patients with DVT were younger, less often of female sex and VTE risk-factors (surgery,cancer) as well as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases were less prevalent compared with isolated PE. PE patients with DVT showed a significant better survival (5.4% vs.20.2%, P < .001) and lower adverse in-hospital event rate (9.7% vs.27.4%, P < .001) compared to patients with isolated PE. Lower risk for in-hospital mortality (OR 0.238 [95%CI 0.232-0.245], P < .001) and adverse in-hospital events (OR 0.302 [95%CI 0.295-0.309], P < .001) were respectively independent of age, gender, comorbidities and reperfusion-treatments.
CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant DVT affects survival of PE patients. Patients with an isolated PE had higher rate of in-hospital mortality and adverse in-hospital events. Our data suggest, that peripheral thrombus burden in PE with concomitant DVT might be less harmful in comparison to isolated PE with a probably larger thrombus burden.
PMID: 32445886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]