Lower serum bicarbonate is associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury.
J Nephrol. 2020 May 20;:
Authors: Kendrick J, Chonchol M, You Z, Jovanovich A
BACKGROUND: Lower serum bicarbonate levels are associated with an increased risk of kidney disease progression. Whether lower serum bicarbonate levels are associated with an increased risk of developing acute kidney injury (AKI) is unclear.
METHODS: We included 8393 patients from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) that had baseline serum bicarbonate levels and complete data available. AKI was a predetermined adjudicated adverse event that was determined by hospital admission and discharge records with AKI as a recorded diagnosis. Serum bicarbonate was examined in clinically significant cutoffs ≤ 24, 25-28 and > 28 mEq/L, with 25-28 mEq/L as the reference group. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the association between serum bicarbonate and development of AKI.
RESULTS: The mean (SD) age, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and serum bicarbonate level at baseline were 68 (9) years, 77 (23) ml/min/1.73m2 and 26.3 (2.6) mEq/L, respectively. Participants with serum bicarbonate levels ≤ 24 mEq/L were more likely to be male and to have lower baseline eGFR. After a median follow-up time of 3.3 years, 293 participants developed AKI. More patients in the lower bicarbonate group developed AKI (6.1% vs 2.8% in the 25-28 mEq/L and 2.1% in the > 28 mEq/L). A bicarbonate level ≤ 24 mEq/L was associated with a significantly increased risk of AKI compared to those with a bicarbonate level of 25-28 mEq/L after full adjustment (HR 1.42, 95% CI 1.1-1.8).
CONCLUSION: Lower serum bicarbonate levels are an independent risk factor for the development of AKI.
PMID: 32436182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]