Ceftaroline for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A real-world two-centre experience in Italy and Spain.

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Ceftaroline for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A real-world two-centre experience in Italy and Spain.

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020 Feb 14;:105921

Authors: Bassetti M, Russo A, Cilloniz C, Giacobbe DR, Vena A, Amaro R, Graziano E, Soriano A, Torres A

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Ceftaroline is one of latest additions to the armamentarium for treating community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This study aimed to describe the outcome of severe CAP (SCAP) in a cohort of hospitalised patients treated with ceftaroline.
METHODS: A retrospective, observational study of patients with SCAP treated with ceftaroline in two hospitals in Spain and Italy. The primary objective was to explore 30-day mortality after diagnosis of SCAP.
RESULTS: During the study period the following were observed: there were 89 cases of SCAP treated with ceftaroline and 53 cases used in combination with other antibiotics (60%). Overall, 30-day mortality and clinical failure were 20% (18 of 89) and 36% (32 of 89), respectively. Independent predictors of 30-day mortality were: increasing age (OR for 1 year increase 1.0, 95% CI 1.0-1.1, P 0.043), presence of solid neoplasm (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.0-15.1, P 0.044) and concomitant therapy with oseltamivir (OR 8.5, 95% CI 1.2°57.3, P 0.029). The only independent predictor of clinical failure was the time elapsing from SCAP diagnosis to ceftaroline therapy (OR for each passing day 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-1.9, P 0.003). The clinical success rate was 64% (57 of 89). In the subgroups of patients with proven Streptococcus pneumoniae, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infection, clinical success was 83% (10 of 12), 75% (three of four) and 56% (five of nine), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering its spectrum of activity, ceftaroline could represent an important therapeutic option for SCAP. Further studies are needed to identify the precise clinical success rate against MRSA in a larger cohort of patients with SCAP.

PMID: 32061999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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