Pharmacological management of malignant hypertension

Link to article at PubMed

Lewek J, et al. Expert Opin Pharmacother 2020.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: According to current guidelines, malignant hypertension is one of the emergencies in hypertension. The definition requires the presence of bilateral retinal hemorrhages or exudates, with or without papilledema, acute heart failure and acute deterioration in renal function in severe hypertension. Patients with malignant hypertension are characterized by pronounced target organ damage, including structural and functional cardiac abnormalities and renal insufficiency.Areas covered: Knowledge of the available treatment options is extremely important as we know that we only have a limited time to reduce blood pressure. There are only four drugs dedicated to immediate blood pressure lowering in patients with malignant hypertension, including 'first-line' and alternative drugs. Our review aims to discuss all those drugs and gives practical suggestions on how to properly use them.Expert commentary: The decision of which drug to use depends on numerous factors including the clinical indications, pharmacokinetics, toxicity and drug interactions. Furthermore, frequently, more than one of the recommended drugs is required for the successful lowering of the patient's blood pressure.

PMID:32100590 | DOI:10.1080/14656566.2020.1732923

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