Procalcitonin for predicting catheter-associated bloodstream infection: A meta-analysis.

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Procalcitonin for predicting catheter-associated bloodstream infection: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Dec;98(52):e18546

Authors: Jia CM, Feng SY, Li Y, Cao ZX, Wu CP, Zhai YZ, Cui J, Zhang M, Gao J

OBJECTIVE: The predictive accuracies of procalcitonin (PCT) in the diagnosis of catheter-associated bloodstream infection (CABSI) vary widely. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the predictive value of PCT for CABSI.
METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBase, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and studies published up to 10 March 2019. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were calculated to evaluate PCT predictive value using Stata 14.0 software.
RESULTS: The meta-analysis was composed of 7 studies, consisting of 347 subjects. Pooled analysis demonstrated that a high PCT was significantly correlated with CABSI (pooled OR = 23.36, 95%CI 12.43-43.91, P < .001) and medium heterogenicity (I = 36.9%, P = .147). The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 85% (95%CI 0.76-0.91) and 89% (95%CI 0.68-0.97), respectively. Although Begg funnel plot (P = .007) indicated the presence of publication bias among the included studies, the stability of the pooled outcomes was verified by the trim-and-fill method. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses did not show important differences in effect estimation.
CONCLUSION: PCT is an effective predictor of CABSI. However, high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether PCT could predict CABSI.

PMID: 31876752 [PubMed - in process]

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