Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a prognostic marker for in-hospital mortality of patients with sepsis: A secondary analysis based on a single-center, retrospective, cohort study.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov;98(46):e18029
Authors: Ni J, Wang H, Li Y, Shu Y, Liu Y
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to serve as a prognostic marker in inflammatory diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of NLR at admission with in-hospital mortality in patients with sepsis presenting to emergency department.This was a secondary analysis based on a single-center, retrospective, cohort study. Patients with sepsis admitted to an academic emergency department between January 2010 and January 2015 were enrolled. NLR of patients was analyzed from the hospital's electronic health record (EHR) system. A total of 174 adult patients, of which 80 (46.0%) died in hospital. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcome was 28-day mortality.Contrary to previous studies, a larger NLR was found to have less odds of in-hospital mortality, as well as the presence of bacteremia. Patients who has severe/shock or had a history of chronic heart failure (CHF) had larger odds of death during hospital. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that low NLR was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality (OR = -0.98; 95% CI -0.96 to -0.99; P = .022). However, no correlation was found between the NLR and 28-day hospital mortality in patients with sepsis (P = .988). As a predictor of in-hospital survival, the area under curve (AUC) of the NLR was 0.622 (95%CI 0.54-0.71; P = .006) and the cut-off value was 9.11 with 0.551 sensitivity and 0.707 specificity.NLR at admission was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality of sepsis patients.
PMID: 31725679 [PubMed - in process]