A decision tree built with parameters obtained by computed tomographic pulmonary angiography is useful for predicting adverse outcomes in non-high-risk acute pulmonary embolism patients.
Respir Res. 2019 Aug 19;20(1):187
Authors: Jia D, Li XL, Zhang Q, Hou G, Zhou XM, Kang J
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is one of the leading causes of death in cardiovascular disease. The 30-day mortality can still be 1.7-15% in non-high-risk APE patients. Some non-high-risk patients can progress into the high-risk group and even die, which is referred to as an adverse outcome. Promoting the diagnosis and predictive ability of adverse short-term prognosis was still a problem that needed to be solved. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) may be a way to promote the predictive ability. Our aim to develop predictive tools based on parameters obtained by computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in the form of a decision tree for use in non-high-risk acute pulmonary embolism (APE) patients.
METHODS: Adverse outcome was defined within 30 days after admission to the hospital. A decision tree was built to predict adverse outcomes based on discriminating factors screened from cardiac volume and clot characteristics from recursive partitioning analysis and compared with simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI), Bova scores and risk stratification. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC-AUC) was used to confirm the predictive ability.
RESULTS: A total of 38 patients with and 303 patients without adverse outcomes were enrolled. Right ventricular/left ventricular (RV/LV) volume ratio, central pulmonary artery (CPA) embolism and right atria/left atria (RA/LA) volume ratio were used as splits in the decision tree to predict adverse outcomes in all patients. The ROC-AUC was 0.858. In CPA embolism patients, a recursive partitioning analysis was performed with cardiac volume and novel clot burden, but only the obstructing area (OA) ratio was included as a discriminating factor to build a second decision tree. The ROC-AUC for the second decision tree was 0.810. The decision trees were superior to those of sPESI, Bova scores and risk stratification, and there were no significant differences between the two decision trees.
CONCLUSIONS: A decision tree built by CTPA parameters can predict adverse outcomes in non-high-risk APE patients.
PMID: 31426787 [PubMed - in process]