Opioid Management in Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review.

Link to article at PubMed

Opioid Management in Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review.

Am J Med. 2019 Jul 08;:

Authors: Owsiany MT, Hawley CE, Triantafylidis LK, Paik JM

Abstract
Chronic pain, a common comorbidity of chronic kidney disease, is consistently under-recognized and difficult to treat in older adults with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease. Given the decreased kidney function associated with aging and chronic kidney disease, these patients are at increased risk for drug accumulation and adverse events. Emerging research has demonstrated the efficacy of opioids in chronic kidney disease patients, but research specifically focusing on older, non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients is scarce. The primary objective of this review is to determine which oral and transdermal opioids are the safest for older, non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients. We discuss the limited existing evidence on opioid prescription in older, non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients and provide recommendations for the management of oral and transdermal opioids in this patient population. Specifically, transdermal buprenorphine, transdermal fentanyl, and oral hydromorphone are the most tolerable opioids in these patients; hydrocodone, oxycodone, and methadone are useful but require careful monitoring; and tramadol, codeine, morphine, and meperidine should be avoided due to risk of accumulation and adverse events. Since older adults with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease are at increased risk for adverse events, vigilant monitoring of opioid prescription is critical. Lastly, collaboration among an interprofessional clinical team can ensure safe prescription of opioids in older adults with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease.

PMID: 31295441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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