Patients with Acute Cholecystitis Should be Admitted to a Surgical Service.

Link to article at PubMed

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Patients with Acute Cholecystitis Should be Admitted to a Surgical Service.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019 Jun 21;:

Authors: Lu N, Pahang J, Zhang G, Loengard A, Wong LL, Biffl WL

BACKGROUND: In bowel obstruction and biliary pancreatitis, patients receive more expedient surgical care when admitted to surgical compared with medical services. This has not been studied in acute cholecystitis.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and cost data from July 2013 to September 2015 for patients with cholecystitis who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a tertiary care inpatient hospital. 190 lower-risk (Charlson-Deyo) patients were included. We assessed admitting service, length of stay, time from admission to surgery, time from surgery to discharge, number of imaging studies, and total cost.
RESULTS: Patients admitted to surgical (n=106) versus medical (n=84) service had shorter mean LOS (1.4 vs 2.6 days), shorter time from admission to surgery (0.4 vs 0.8 days), and shorter time from surgery to discharge (0.8 vs 1.1 days). Surgical service patients had fewer CT (38% vs 56%) and MRI (5% vs 16%) studies. Cholangiography (30 vs 25%) and ERCP (3 vs 8%) rates were similar. Surgical service patients had 39% lower median total costs ($7787 vs $12572).
CONCLUSIONS: Nonsurgical admissions of patients with cholecystitis are common, even among lower-risk patients. Routine admission to the surgical service should decrease LOS, resource utilization and costs.

PMID: 31233439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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