Outcomes in acute medicine - Evidence from extended observations on readmissions, hospital length of stay and mortality outcomes.
Eur J Intern Med. 2019 Jun 10;:
Authors: Conway R, Byrne D, O'Riordan D, Silke B
BACKGROUND: The Acute Medical Admission Unit (AMAU) model of care has been widely deployed, we examine changes in hospital readmission rates, length of stay (LOS) and 30-day in-hospital mortality over 16 years.
METHODS: All emergency medical admissions between 2002 and 2017 were examined. We assessed 30-day in-hospital mortality, readmission rates, and LOS using logistic regression and margins statistics modelled outcomes against predictor variables.
RESULTS: There were 106,586 admissions in 54,928 patients over 16 years. Calculated per patient the 30-day in-hospital mortality was 8.9% (95%CI 8.6% to 9.2%) and showed a relative risk reduction (RRR) of 61.1% from 12.4% to 4.8% over the 16 years (p = .001). Calculated per admission the 30-day in-hospital mortality was 4.5% (95%CI 4.4% to 4.6%) with a RRR of 31.9% from 2002 to 2017. Over this extended period 48.7% of patients were readmitted at least once, 9.3% >5 times and 20 patients >50 times each. The median LOS was 5.9 days (IQR 2.4, 12.9) with no trend of change over time. Total readmissions increased as a time dependent function; early readmissions (<4 weeks) fluctuated without time trend at 10.5% (95%CI 9.6 to 11.3). A logistic regression model described the hospital LOS as a linear function both of comorbidity and the utilisation of inpatient procedures and services.
CONCLUSION: 30-day in-hospital mortality showed a linear trend to reduce over time at unaltered LOS and readmission rates. LOS showed linear dependency on clinical complexity; interventions aimed at reducing LOS may not be appropriate beyond a certain point.
PMID: 31196741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]