The impact of incorporating early rapid influenza diagnosis on hospital occupancy and hospital acquired influenza.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019 Jun 13;:1-7
Authors: Nesher L, Tsaban G, Dreiher J, Rolston KVI, Ifergane G, Shemer Y, Borer A, Riesenberg K
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of incorporating early rapid influenza diagnosis on antimicrobial usage, nosocomial influenza transmission, length of stay, and occupancy rates among hospitalized patients.
SETTING: A 1,100 bed tertiary-care hospital in southern Israel.
METHODS: We implemented early rapid detection of influenza with immediate communication of results. Using Orion methods, we compared the 2017-2018 influenza season to the prior season in our hospital and to the 2017-2018 occupancy rates at other Israeli hospitals.
RESULTS: During the intervention season, 5,006 patients were admitted; 1,824 were tested for influenza, of whom 437 (23.9%) were positive. In the previous season, 4,825 patients were admitted; 1,225 were tested and 288 (23.5%) were positive. Time from admission to test report decreased from 35.5 to 18.4 hours (P < .001). Early discharge rates significantly increased, from 21.5% to 41.6% at 36 hours, from 37.2% to 54.5% at 48 hours, and from 66% to 73.2% at 72 hours. No increase in repeat ER visits, readmission, or mortality rates was observed. Hospital occupancy decreased by 10% compared to the previous year and was 26% lower than the national rate. Hospital-acquired influenza cases were reduced from 37 (11.4%) to 12 (2.7%) (P < .001). Antibiotic usage was reduced both before and after notification of test results by 16% and 12%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementing this intervention led to earlier discharge of patients, lower occupancy in medical wards, reduced antibiotic administration, and fewer hospital-acquired influenza events. This strategy is useful for optimizing hospital resources, and its implementation should be considered for upcoming influenza seasons.
PMID: 31190679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]