Lipid Profile of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI).

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Lipid Profile of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI).

Cureus. 2019 Mar 18;11(3):e4265

Authors: Kumar N, Kumar S, Kumar A, Shakoor T, Rizwan A

Introduction  Irrespective of underlying hyperlipidemia, the serum lipid profile witnesses a phasic fluctuation immediately after a major cardiovascular event. This study aims to evaluate the change in serum lipid profile in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods It was a prospective, cross-sectional study conducted in the department of cardiology, Shalamar Hospital, and Punjab Institute of Cardiology, from October until December 2018, focusing on patients admitted with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The patient's demographics and lipid profile (in mg/dl) within the first 24 hours and after 48 hours of the event were recorded. Results The mean serum total cholesterol (TC) levels decreased from 207.5 ± 30.5 to 192.4 ± 49.3 after 48 hours (p-value <0.0001). Mean serum triglyceride (TGs) levels increased from 153.8 ± 10.2 to 183.8 ± 14.8 (p-value <0.0001). Mean serum low density lipid-cholesterol (LDL-C) decreased from 149.0 ± 41.2 to 133.4 ± 54.0 (p-value = 0.0003). Mean serum high density lipid-cholesterol (HDL-C) decreased from 46.6 ± 9.9 to 40.7 ± 11.8 (p-value <0.0001). Conclusion Phasic fluctuations in serum lipid profile are observed after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The trend that follows include reduced TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C, and increased TGs. Periodic lipid profile must be evaluated in all patients admitted for AMI to understand the changing trend, initiate lifestyle measures to reach target lipid levels, and predict the choice of lipid-lowering therapy.

PMID: 31139524 [PubMed]

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