Predictors of Readmission to Acute Care from Inpatient Rehabilitation: An Integrative Review.
PM R. 2019 Apr 30;:
Authors: McKechnie D, Pryor J, McKechnie R, Fisher MJ
Readmission to acute care (RTAC) from inpatient rehabilitation can have negative consequences for individuals and associated financial costs are increasing. Consequently, preventing avoidable RTAC represents a target for improvement in quality of care. The aim of this integrative review was to identify predictors of RTAC from inpatient rehabilitation. A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ProQuest and CINAHL databases was used. Thematic analysis was used to examine extracted data. Strong evidence indicating that the principal predictors of RTAC are lower functional status on admission to rehabilitation, a more severe injury and a higher number of comorbidities was identified in this review. This is despite the heterogeneous nature of impairment groups and factors/measures examined. However, the relevance of some predictors of RTAC (such as, patient demographics, invasive devices and primary diagnoses) may be dependent on rehabilitation setting, impairment group or time between rehabilitation admission and RTAC (for example, below 3 days versus 30 days). Consequently, findings of this integrative review highlight that RTAC is a complex, multifactorial patient issue with a complex interplay between the predictors and reasons for RTAC. Level of evidence: IV.
PMID: 31041836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]