Relative Adrenal Insufficiency in Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis.
J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2019 Mar-Apr;9(2):215-220
Authors: Kumar M, Gupta GK, Wanjari SJ, Tak V, Ameta M, Nijhawan S
Background/aims: Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is an acute hepatic inflammation associated with high morbidity and mortality. Treatment with steroids is known to decrease short-term mortality in severe AH patients. Hence, we hypothesize that adrenal insufficiency can be associated with severe AH and affects prognosis. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) in patients with AH and (2) to Compare RAI with the severity of AH.
Methods: Newly diagnosed cases of AH hospitalized in SMS Medical College and Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology were, enrolled. All patients of AH were classified as mild and severe AH on the basis of Maddrey discriminant function (DF). After baseline serum cortisol, 25 IU ACTH (Adreno Corticotrophic Hormone) was injected intramuscularly and blood sample was collected after 1 h and assessed for serum cortisol. RAI was defined as <7 μg increase in the cortisol level from baseline. RAI was compared with severity of AH.
Results: Of 120 patients of AH, 58 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, in which 48 patients were diagnosed as severe AH and 10 patients were diagnosed as mild AH. In patients with severe AH, the baseline mean serum cortisol level was significantly high as compared with mild AH; 26 patients (54.16 %) of 48 patients with severe AH showed RAI (P ≤ 0.001).Whereas in patients with mild AH, none of patients showed RAI. RAI also showed negative correlation with DF. There was no difference in RAI with respect to acute kidney injury (AKI).
Conclusion: RAI is a common entity in patients with severe AH, and it is related with the severity of disease.
PMID: 31024204 [PubMed]