Epidemiology of Atrial Fibrillation and Heart Failure: A Growing and Important Problem.
Cardiol Clin. 2019 May;37(2):119-129
Authors: Karnik AA, Gopal DM, Ko D, Benjamin EJ, Helm RH
The global prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) is rising. Population-based studies have observed that AF and HF often coexist, predispose to each other, and share risk factors. Age is the most potent risk factor for both AF and HF, but race plays an important role. Although AF and HF share common risk factors, adjusting for these risk factors does not explain the higher risk of AF patients developing HF and vice versa. Common pathophysiologic mechanisms may explain this linkage. The morbidity and mortality outcomes with combined AF and HF are substantial and warrant improved preventive strategies.
PMID: 30926013 [PubMed - in process]