The angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker azilsartan can overwhelm the sympathetic nerve activation stimulated by coadministration of calcium channel blockers.
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2019 Jan-Mar;20(1):1470320319839525
Authors: Fukuda M, Isobe-Sasaki Y, Sato R, Miura T, Mizuno M, Ono M, Kiyono K, Yamamoto Y, Hayano J, Ohte N
OBJECTIVE:: In our recent study, non-Gaussianity of heart rate variability (λ25s), an indicator of sympathetic nerve activity, did not change during two-day treatment with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) azilsartan. Coadministration of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) might affect the study results.
METHODS:: In this subanalysis, 20 patients with chronic kidney disease (14 men; age 61±15 years) were divided into three groups: patients with coadministration of L-type CCB, patients without coadministration of CCB, and patients with coadministration of sympathoinhibitory (L/T- or L/T/N-type) CCB. λ25s was calculated separately in daytime and nighttime.
RESULTS:: Daytime λ25s at baseline was higher in patients with L-type CCB coadministration (0.62±0.18, n = 5) compared with those without CCB (0.49±0.13, n = 11) and those with sympathoinhibitory CCB (0.46±0.06, n = 4). The relationship between the changes in daytime λ25s and systolic blood pressure was positive in patients with L-type CCB coadministration, whereas the relationship was inverse in the other two groups. A larger decrease in daytime λ25s was shown in patients with L-type CCB coadministration compared with those in the other two groups.
CONCLUSIONS:: CCBs, as well as diuretics, are recommended as second-line antihypertensive agents. Our results suggested that ARBs can overwhelm the activation of sympathetic nerve activity stimulated by coadministration of L-type CCBs.
PMID: 30915878 [PubMed - in process]