The problem of under-diagnosis and over-diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.
Thromb Res. 2019 Mar 14;177:122-129
Authors: Swan D, Hitchen S, Klok FA, Thachil J
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an increasingly recognised condition which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite the better awareness of this serious condition, the diagnosis is still overlooked in many cases with sometimes fatal consequences. Under-diagnosis may be due to several reasons including reliance on non-specific 'classic' symptoms, belief that bedside measurements will likely be abnormal in the setting of acute PE, and confounding factors like co-existent cardiorespiratory diseases or being in an intensive care unit, where the diagnosis may not be considered. At the same time, incidental diagnosis of PE is occurring more often due to frequent use of imaging investigations alongside advancements in CT technology, and dilemma exists as to whether the chance finding of PE requires anticoagulation, especially when identified only at the subsegmental level. This article reviews these two issues of under-diagnosis and over-diagnosis of PE in the current era.
PMID: 30889517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]