Management of Endocrine Emergencies in the ICU.
J Pharm Pract. 2019 Mar 10;:897190019834771
Authors: Jacobi J
Endocrine emergencies are frequent in critically ill patients and may be the cause of admission or can be secondary to other critical illness. The ability to anticipate endocrine abnormalities such as adrenal excess or , hypothyroidism, can mitigate their duration and severity. Hyperglycemic crisis may trigger hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) admission and may be life threatening. Recognition and safe treatment of severe conditions such as acute adrenal insufficiency, thyroid crisis, and hypoglycemia and hyperglycemic crisis may be lifesaving. Electrolyte abnormalities such as hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia may have underlying endocrine causes, and may be treated differently with recognition of those disorders- electrolyte replacement alone may not be adequate for efficient resolution. Sodium disorders are common in the ICU and are generally related to altered water balance however may be related to pituitary abnormalities in selected patients, and recognition may improve treatment effectiveness and safety.
PMID: 30852927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]