Appropriateness of Cardiac Troponin Testing: Insights from the Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA) study.

Link to article at PubMed

Related Articles

Appropriateness of Cardiac Troponin Testing: Insights from the Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA) study.

Am J Med. 2019 Mar 05;:

Authors: Sandoval Y, Gunsolus IL, Smith SW, Sexter A, Thordsen SE, Carlson MD, Johnson BK, Bruen CA, Dodd KW, Driver BE, Jacoby K, Love SA, Moore JC, Scott NL, Schulz K, Apple FS

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the appropriateness of cardiac troponin (cTn) testing among patients with cTn increases.
METHODS: Planned secondary analysis of the Use of TROPonin In Acute coronary syndromes (UTROPIA, NCT02060760) observational cohort study. Appropriateness of cTn testing was adjudicated for emergency department patients with cTn increases >99th percentile and analyzed using both contemporary and high-sensitivity (hs) cTnI assays according to sub-specialty, diagnoses, and symptoms.
RESULTS: Appropriateness was determined from 1272 and 1078 adjudication forms completed for 497 and 422 patients with contemporary and hs-cTnI increases respectively. Appropriateness of cTnI testing across adjudication forms was 71.5% and 72.0% for cTnI and hs-cTnI respectively. Compared to emergency medicine physicians, cardiologists were less likely to classify cTnI orders as appropriate (cTnI: 79% vs. 56%, p<0.0001; hs-cTnI: 82% vs. 51%, p<0.0001). For contemporary cTnI, appropriateness of 95%, 70%, and 39% was observed among adjudication forms completed by cardiologists for type 1 myocardial infarction, type 2 myocardial infarction, and myocardial injury respectively; compared to 90%, 86%, and 71% among emergency medicine physicians. Similar findings observed using hs-cTnI. Discordance in appropriateness adjudication forms occurred most frequently in cases of myocardial injury (62% both assays) or type 2 myocardial infarction (cTnI 31%; hs-cTnI 23%).
CONCLUSIONS: Marked differences exist in the perception of what constitutes appropriate clinical use of cTn testing between cardiologists and emergency medicine physicians, with emergency medicine physicians more likely to see testing as appropriate across a range of clinical scenarios. Discordance derives most often from cases classified as myocardial injury or type 2 myocardial infarction.

PMID: 30849383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.