Policy Change for Deep Vein Thrombosis: Effects on Length of Stay and Hospitalization Costs of Moving From Warfarin to Direct Oral Anticoagulants.
Clin Ther. 2019 Jan 11;:
Authors: Porath AD, Clodfelter S, Slaton T, Bookhart BK, Kozma CM, Rand ML, Bloch MJ
PURPOSE: Renown Health (Reno, Nevada), a large, locally owned, not-for-profit integrated health care network, has developed an institution-wide policy to shift the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) from a short-acting anticoagulant and vitamin K antagonist to the direct oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban combined with pharmacy-directed follow-up at an outpatient anticoagulation clinic. We examined data on hospitalizations and costs pre-/post-policy change.
METHODS: Data were obtained from the electronic health records of adults with newly diagnosed DVT treated at Renown Health. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate patients who received a DVT diagnosis before versus after the policy change. Primary outcomes were number of all-cause inpatient nights at 30 and 60 days post-DVT index date. Secondary outcomes were costs of all-cause overnight stays at 30 and 60 days post-DVT index. Outcomes were evaluated in propensity-weighted logistic regression and generalized linear models.
FINDINGS: There were 343 patients pre-policy change and 266 post-policy change. In the first 30 days postindex, the mean (95% CI) numbers of propensity-weighted all-cause inpatient nights were 1.27 (0.83-1.95) prechange and 0.66 (0.42-1.02) postchange (P = 0.038). Mean propensity-weighted estimated all-cause hospital costs in patients diagnosed as outpatients were $7848 ($4990-$12,344) prechange and $2466 ($1553-$3915) postchange (P <0.001). Mean costs of all-cause overnight stays in inpatient-diagnosed DVT patients were $8907 prechange and $7449 postchange (P = 0.600). In the first 60 days postindex, the mean number of all-cause inpatient nights (P = 0.219) and mean costs of all-cause overnight stays (P = 0.275) were not significantly different before and after the policy change.
IMPLICATIONS: Changing institutional policy to increase the utilization of a direct oral anticoagulant and pharmacist-led outpatient anticoagulation clinics may reduce length of hospital stay and decrease health care expenditures in the treatment of DVT.
PMID: 30642614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]