Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and Acute Surgical Abdomen: Opportunities for Palliative Care.

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Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and Acute Surgical Abdomen: Opportunities for Palliative Care.

J Palliat Med. 2019 Jan 10;:

Authors: Singh R, Hwang F, Berlin A, Pentakota SR, Singh R, Chernock B, Mosenthal AC

BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a life-limiting condition that is often complicated by acute abdominal emergency. Palliative care (PC) has been shown to improve the quality of life in patients with serious illness and yet is underutilized. We hypothesize that ESRD patients with abdominal emergency have high unmet PC needs.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the outcomes of ESRD patients with acute surgical abdomen, define PC utilization patterns, and identify areas of unmet PC needs.
DESIGN: Retrospective study querying the National Inpatient Sample database (2009-2013).
SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Subjects were identified using ICD-9 codes for those aged ≥50 with preexisting diagnosis of ESRD with an acute abdominal emergency diagnosis of gastrointestinal perforation, obstruction, or ischemia.
MEASUREMENTS: Outcomes included PC rate, in-hospital mortality, discharge disposition, and intensity of care. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of PC.
RESULTS: A total of 9363 patients met the inclusion criteria; 24% underwent surgery, 16% died in hospital, and 43% were discharged to dependent living. Among in-hospital deaths, 23% received PC. Only 4% of survivors with dependent discharge received PC. Surgical mortality was 26%. PC was less utilized in surgical patients than nonsurgical patients. PC was associated with shorter hospital stay. Predictors of PC included increasing age, severity of underlying illness, white race, teaching hospitals, and the Western region.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ESRD admitted for acute abdominal emergency have high risk for mortality and functional dependence. Despite this, few receive PC and have a high utilization of nonbeneficial life support at the end of life.

PMID: 30628847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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