Variants of Erythema Multiforme: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Cureus. 2018 Oct 16;10(10):e3459
Authors: Paulino L, Hamblin DJ, Osondu N, Amini R
Erythema multiforme is an acute skin condition characterized by targetoid lesions and occurs most frequently in young adults, particularly males. There are two variants of this condition, one with mucosal involvement, termed erythema multiforme major, and one without mucosal involvement, known as erythema multiforme minor. Due to the similarities in clinical and histological findings, it was previously believed that erythema multiforme major was indistinguishable from Steven-Johnson syndrome (SJS). However, evidence suggests these are two distinct diseases with a different etiology. It is important for clinicians to readily identify the difference between erythema multiforme from SJS, as the prognosis and mortality rate vary significantly between the two disorders.
PMID: 30564538 [PubMed]