Hospital Discharge Decisions Concerning Older Patients: Understanding the Underlying Process.
Can J Aging. 2018 Nov 08;:1-10
Authors: Koskas P, Pons-Peyneau C, Romdhani M, Houenou-Quenum N, Galleron S, Drunat O
ABSTRACTWe aimed to understand clinical decision-making processes that influence the orientation of older patients after hospital discharge. We compared discharge decisions (i.e., discharge home, or nursing home stay) of the hospital team with those of an expert panel. Both panel and hospital team made their decisions independently. The blind study included 102 patients (mean age: 83.13 ± 6.74). There is a statistically significant difference between expert and hospital team decisions (p < .001; kappa coefficient: 0.468). Panel decisions were more closely associated with isolation (p = .018), reliable caregivers (p = .004), social problems (p = .001), and behavioural symptoms perceived as aggressive (p = .001). Both decision processes considered refusal of care (p = 0,025 and 0.016 respectively) and social problems (p = .001 and < 0.001 respectively). Discharge planning models differ depending on the country, team and patient's condition. Our study suggests more precise evaluation of patients' needs.
PMID: 30404681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]