Noninvasive ventilation in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Crit Care. 2018 Oct 19;49:84-91
Authors: David-João PG, Guedes MH, Réa-Neto Á, Chaiben VBO, Baena CP
PURPOSE: Evaluate current recommendation for the use of noninvasive ventilation (Bi-level positive airway pressure- BiPAP modality) in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure, excluding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
METHODS: Electronic searches in MEDLINE, Web of Science, Clinical Trials, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials. We searched for randomized controlled trials comparing BiPAP to a control group in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure. Endotracheal intubation and death were the assessed outcomes.
RESULTS: Of the 563 studies found, nine met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. The pooled RR (95% CI) for intubation in patients with acute pulmonary edema (APE)/community acquired pneumonia (CAP) and in immunosuppressed patients (cancer and transplants) were 0.61 (0.39-0.84) and 0.77 (0.60-0.93), respectively. For Intensive Care Units (ICU) mortality, the RR (95% CI) in patients with APE/CAP was 0.51 (0.22-0.79). The heterogeneity was low in all comparisons.
CONCLUSIONS: NIV showed a significant protective effect for intubation in immunosuppressed patients (cancer and transplants) and in patients with APE/CAP. However, the benefits of NIV for other etiologies are not clear and more trials are needed to prove these effects.
PMID: 30388493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]